Publications about Nutrient Pollution & Aquamonitrix





Publications about Aquamonitrix® and about nitrate/nitrite in water and wastewater systems. Click on the highlighted text to access the publication.

Aquamonitrix® Verification and Case Studies

Performance Verification of Aquamonitrix® by the US EPA


Peer-Reviewed Papers About Aquamonitrix®

Eoin Murray, Patrick Roche, Matthieu Briet, Breda Moore, Aoife Morrin, Dermot Diamond, Brett Paull, Fully automated, low-cost ion chromatography system for in-situ analysis of nitrite and nitrate in natural waters, Talanta, Volume 216, 2020, 120955, ISSN 0039-9140.

Murray E, Roche P, Harrington K, McCaul M, Moore B, Morrin A, Diamond D, Paull B. Low cost 235 nm ultra-violet light-emitting diode-based absorbance detector for application in a portable ion chromatography system for nitrite and nitrate monitoring.  J Chromatogr A. 2019 Oct 11;1603:8-14. doi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2019.05.036. Epub 2019 May 21. PMID: 31151694.

M.G. Butinyac, V.A. Montaño, J. Downes, N.M. Ruane, E. Ryder, F. Egan, T. Staessen, B. Paull, E. Murray, Continuous nitrite and nitrate monitoring of recirculating aquaculture systems using a deployable ion chromatography-based analyser, Aquaculture International, (2023). 

S. Bluett, P. O’Callaghan, B. Paull, E. Murray, Robust off-grid analyser for autonomous remote in-situ monitoring of nitrate and nitrite in water, Talanta Open, 7 (2023). 

Useful Third-Party Publications about Nitrate & Nutrient Pollution & Monitoring


Pellerin, Brian A., Stauffer, Beth A., Young, Dwane A., Sullivan, Daniel J., Bricker, Suzanne B., Walbridge, Mark R., Clyde, Gerard A., and Shaw, Denice M., 2016. Emerging Tools for Continuous Nutrient Monitoring Networks: Sensors Advancing Science and Water Resources Protection. Journal of the American Water Resources Association (JAWRA) 52( 4): 993– 1008. DOI: 10.1111/1752‐1688.12386

House of Commons Environmental Audit Committee; UK Progress on Reducing Nitrate Pollution; Eleventh Report of Session 2017–19, HC 656 Published on 22 November 2018 by authority of the House of Commons

Report from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament on The implementation of Council Directive 91/676/EEC concerning the protection of waters against pollution caused by nitrates from agricultural sources based  on Member State reports for the period 2012–2015. Brussels, 4.5.2018 COM(2018) 257 final.

Factsheet on the EU Nitrates Directive, European Union, 2010


Urban and Industrial Wastewater

Urban Wastewater treatment for 21st Century Challenges, European Environment Agency, Retrieved December 2020.

Industrial waste water treatment – pressures on Europe’s environment. European Environment Agency, EEA Report No 23/2018. Retrieved December 2020.



John Davidson, Christopher Good, Carla Welsh, Steven T. Summerfelt, Comparing the effects of high vs. low nitrate on the health, performance, and welfare of juvenile rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss within water recirculating aquaculture systems, Aquacultural Engineering, Volume 59, 2014, Pages 30-40. ISSN 0144-8609.


Christopher Good, John Davidson, Luke Iwanowicz, Michael Meyer, Julie Dietze, Dana W. Kolpin, David Marancik, Jill Birkett, Christina Williams, Steven Summerfelt, Investigating the influence of nitrate nitrogen on post-smolt Atlantic salmon Salmo salar reproductive physiology in freshwater recirculation aquaculture systems, Aquacultural Engineering, Volume 78, Part A, 2017, Pages 2-8, ISSN 0144-8609,

Water quality management for recirculating aquaculture. Iowa State University Extension and Outreach. Retrieved December 2020.


A Compilation of Cost Data Associated with the Impacts and Control of Nutrient Pollution, United States Environmental Protection Agency, May 2015, EPA 820-F-15-096)

Vedachalam, S., Mandelia, A.J., and Heath, E.A. 2018. Source Water Quality and the Cost of Nitrate Treatment in the Mississippi River Basin, Northeast-Midwest Institute Report, 44 pp.,

Juntakut, & Haacker, & Snow, & Ray,. (2020). Risk and Cost Assessment of Nitrate Contamination in Domestic Wells. Water. 12. 428. 10.3390/w12020428.


Drinking Water

Nitrate and nitrite in drinking-water, Background document for development of WHO Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality, World Health Organization 2016

Ward MH, Jones RR, Brender JD, et al. Drinking Water Nitrate and Human Health: An Updated Review. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2018;15(7):1557. Published 2018 Jul 23. doi:10.3390/ijerph15071557



Indicator assessment: Nutrients in freshwater in Europe. European Environmental Agency. Retrieved December 2020.

Nutrient enrichment and eutrophication in Europe’s seas. Moving towards a healthy marine environment. EEA Report No 14/2019 1994-2019, Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2019, ISBN 978-92-9480-111-1, ISSN 1977-8449, doi:10.2800/092643

2021 River Basin Management Plan – Nitrates  – UK Environment Agency October 2019

Johnson, H. M., & Stets, E. G. (2020). Nitrate in streams during winter low‐flow conditions as an indicator of legacy nitrate. Water Resources Research, 56, e2019WR026996.

Implementation of the Nitrate Pollution Regulations 2015 in England Method for designating Nitrate  Vulnerable Zones for water affected by eutrophication  December 2016. Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs

Webinars, Case Studies & Videos

Activated sludge monitoring N2O emissions

Activated sludge monitoring N2O emissions

Aquamonitrix Real-Time Nitrite and Nitrate Analyser for optimising RAS operations, biofilter performance and water qualityAquamonitrix® in now analysing in the activated sludge zone to help minimise nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from biological nitrogen removal in...